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What is a TENS Machine?
TENS is an abbreviation of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation.
Transcutaneous means "across the skin." In simple terms, a tens machine stimulates your nerves via an electrical current through your skin.
A TENS machine is an electronic medical device. A TENS machine may assist you in modest short-term pain relief.
The use of a TENS machine should be as one part of a pain management program under the guidance of your doctor/healthcare practitioner.
How does a TENS Machine provide Short-term Pain Relief?Pain is thought to be controlled by TENS in one of two ways:
Sensory Level Stimulation - The Gate Control theory of pain means that the electrical input of the TENS machine interferes with the transmission of pain signals, by blocking the neural “gate” through which the pain travels.
Motor Level Stimulation - The goal of motor level stimulation is to cause the release of the body’s own opiate-like substances to achieve pain relief.
Benefits of using a Tens Unit
The benefits of a trancutaneous electrical nerve stimulation unit, or TENS, result from electrical impulses that reduce the sensation of pain. According to Dr. William Teller of Stanford University Department of Material Sciences, other studies have shown that the TENS unit increases the body's production of endorphins, a naturally released painkiller. The TENS is a common treatment device in which electrodes placed on the skin cause an electrical current that decreases pain signals.